コーヒーのできかた

How Coffee is Made

How do you make coffee?

good morning!
Last time, I explained "What is coffee?"
So now, how does it become drinkable coffee?

I thought I'd briefly explain the process.

Well, if you want to know about wine, it's pointless to only know about grapes.
I want to know about curry.
There's no point in just studying spices and Indian history.

I think this is also something that is surprisingly little known.
So I'll explain it step by step.

In this article

①What is harvest?

②What is refining?

What is a harvest?

This is the harvest of coffee fruit.

I even bothered to give it a title and create a paragraph,
I thought you might gain some new insights.

Sorry. It's normal here.
Farm staff harvest the mature beans.

It seems that the quality of the beans depends on whether or not the good fruit is properly selected and stacked here.
Apparently some places do it by machine and some do it by hand.
I don't own a farm, so please ask someone who does for more details.

What is Refining?

This is the process of removing the beans from the coffee cherry (coffee fruit) .
This is because unless you remove the beans inside, it won't become coffee "beans."
If we were to sell cherries as is,
This means that a coffee shop is a fruit shop, not a bean shop.
I guess coffee is in the berry section?
It looks like they would be displayed next to blueberries or something.
looks delicious.

Now, to extract the beans from the fruit,
It sounds simple right?
Just like harvesting, it's all done by hand, right?
Everyone who thought that.

sweet!!

The coffee refining process
This is the most important part of making coffee !! (smug face)

The refining process includes hulling, fermentation, and drying.
The most important thing is fermentation .
Yes, coffee is fermented!
In other words, it is a member of our natto family.
Now I think I understand why people like to drink coffee for breakfast.

Coffee beans are
Fermentation creates complex flavors and tastes ,
This determines the character of the coffee.

However, there are still many mysteries surrounding fermentation.
Every year, various farms develop new methods and sweep the awards at competitions.
Is it just fermentation?
If we can master fermentation, we could conquer the world.
It's not something to be underestimated.

Okay, now to the main topic.
There are three main types of refining methods:

Some of you may have noticed, but I reuse quite a few images.
Actually, it's quite hard to find free photos of the area around coffee plantations.

Yes, here’s the explanation.

-Natural (Dry)-

This method involves drying the fruit in the sun and fermenting it.
The fruit flavor tends to be transferred to the beans, resulting in a stronger fruity taste .
They have a strong fermented feel and many have a wine-like aroma.

Specialty coffee made using natural methods is really easy to understand and different from regular coffee,
This is a recommended refining method for those who want to try specialty coffee.

The most classical way is
It is popular in Brazil and Africa.

-Washed-

The fruit part of the beans is first threshed by machine,
This is a method of soaking in water and fermenting .
Once fermentation is complete, it is dried in the sun just like natural products.
It tends to have a clean, sour taste .
The original flavor of the beans comes out the best.
It is also said that,

This is a popular refining method in Tainan's coffee shop community.

However, since it uses a lot of water, it can only be done in areas with abundant water sources.
In other words, it's a game of luck.

Personally, I like washed beans the best.
The sourness is sharp and refreshing.
The refreshing fruit flavor flows smoothly through your nose.

-Honey/Pulped Natural-

Between natural and washed.
The fruit part is mechanically threshed , just like in washed corn.
It is not fermented in water as it is,
Just like natural
It's like fermenting it by drying it in the sun .

that time,
For some reason, they dry them in the sun while leaving the thin skin (which is slimy) inside. Slimy.

The slime disappears after fermentation , so
Washed beans are
It is already not slimy even before it dries .

The taste is roughly in the middle.
It tends to be a refreshing yet fruity and sweet coffee .

Honey is a relatively new method.
It can be done even if water is not abundant, so it is environmentally friendly.
This is a refining method that meets current needs such as the SDGs.

By the way,
When removing the fruit,
The name of the refining method changes depending on how much of the slime is left on.

They have names like Yellow Honey, White Honey, Black Honey, and Red Honey, which sound like they're from a Sentai series.
The slime changes the color of the beans ,

That's what the name will be.
I kind of dislike the sound of it.

By the way, why is it called honey? Because the slimy name for this plant means "honey" in Spanish.
In other words, it's a slimy manufacturing method.

Other,
I tried soaking it in a barrel with other slimy beans,
Fill a barrel with carbon dioxide and let it ferment.
Try soaking beans in mango,
All sorts of crazy refining methods are being experimented with day and night.
If you're interested, let's go see it together in Costa Rica or Panama.
Maybe we'll win the world.

That's roughly what it is like.
As for more esoteric refining methods,
I will provide more details in another article!

If you buy coffee beans,
Please take a look at this with a bit of caution!

Well then.

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